Green Fodder Production Enhancement
Awareness and adoption of improved fodder production and conservation technologies among farmers will increase the production & availability of green fodder in term of quality and quantity significantly. NDDB demonstrates cultivation of improved varieties of fodder crops viz. cereals (maize, sorghum, pearl millet, oats, barley), legumes (Lucerne, berseem, cowpea, guar, rice bean, velvet bean), perennial grasses (hybrid napier, guinea grass, congo-signal grass, para grass) and perennial pasture legume (siratro, clitoria, stylo) and fodder trees (sheveri, gliricidia, augusthi, drum stick) to farmers / trainees visiting the Fodder Demonstration unit (FDU). Regular training programmes on fodder production and conservation technologies are being conducted for exposure of fodder officers and field staff from different milk unions for fodder development purpose.
For arid / semi-arid area, cultivation of thornless cactus (Opuntia spp.) for fodder purpose is being popularised. Demonstration of raise bed-micro irrigation system for growing thornless cactus and highly nutritious food & fodder tree Moringa (drumstick) by using modern water saving and fertigation system with plastic mulching & drip irrigation have been initiated at FDU. To increase the availability of planting material of thorenless cactus for planting in arid / semi- arid areas, NDDB has initiated a collaborative project. NDDB is assisting dairy cooperatives in procurement of breeder seeds from different ICAR institutes/ agricultural universities, marketing of certified /truthfully labelled seed and arranging technical training to their manpower. Dairy cooperatives are producing & selling improved seed of Maize (AT, J 1006 and Pratap Makka Chari 6), Sorghum sudan grass (SSG 898), Multi-cut Sorghum (Pant chari 6 and CSH 24 MF), single cut Sorghum (Pant Chari 5, HJ 513 and HC 136), oats ( Kent, UPO-212, JHO 99-2 and JHO 822), Pearl millet (Baif Bajra 1 and GFB 1), Berseem ( BL-1, BL-10, Wardan, JB 1), Lucerne (Anand-2), cowpea ( EC-4216, UPC 9202, UPC 8705 and UPC 628).
Enrichment and Densification of Crop Residues
Due to regional and seasonal imbalances, there is considerable wastage of crop residues in areas of surplus, while there is a perennial shortage of dry fodder in some areas. Not only productivity of livestock is affected due to regional imbalances and shortages, but also huge expenditure is incurred on transportation of crop residues due to low bulk density of biomass.
NDDB has devised various methods and machinery for the enrichment and compaction of crop residues in various forms, such as blocks, pellets etc. that improves their nutritive value and increases bulk density. The straw recovery, enrichment and densification machines not only provide additional roughage for cattle but also help in increasing farm productivity and providing cleaner environment.
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