Breeds

Breeds

India’s has a large indigenous bovine population with rich bio-diversity. There are 40 well-defined breeds of cattle and 13 breeds of buffaloes. These breeds have evolved over generations, surviving due to their adaptability to harsh climatic conditions, ability to perform on poor quality feed and fodder, resistance to diseases etc. Adult males of some native breeds are also known for their draft qualities.

The primary reason for the decline in numbers of such breeds is reduced productivity - an uneconomical proposition for farmers. The solution therefore lies in the genetic improvement of these breeds for milk production. Systematic efforts in this direction will not only ensure that these breeds become more productive, it will also arrest their further decline.

With the twin objectives of development and conservation, NDDB has initiated programmes for genetic improvement of select indigenous dairy breeds. The future holds a promise for improvement in the productivity of our indigenous breeds of cattle and buffaloes.

Cattle breeds of India (40 breeds):

Sl. No.

Breed

Home Tract

1

Amritmahal

Karnataka

2

Bachaur

Bihar

3

Bargur

Tamil Nadu

4

Dangi

Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh

5

Deoni

Maharashtra and Karnataka

6

Gaolao

Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh

7

Gir

Gujarat

8

Hallikar

Karnataka

9

Hariana

Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan

10

Kangayam

Tamil Nadu

11

Kankrej

Gujarat and Rajasthan

12

Kenkatha

Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh

13

Kherigarh

Uttar Pradesh

14

Khillar

Maharashtra and Karnataka

15

Krishna Valley

Karnataka

16

Malvi

Madhya Pradesh

17

Mewati

Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh

18

Nagori

Rajasthan

19

Nimari

Madhya Pradesh

20

Ongole

Andhra Pradesh

21

Ponwar

Uttar Pradesh

22

Punganur

Andhra Pradesh

23

Rathi

Rajasthan

24

Red Kandhari

Maharashtra

25

Red Sindhi

On organized farms only

26

Sahiwal

Punjab and Rajasthan

27

Siri

Sikkim and West Bengal

28

Tharparkar

Rajasthan

29

Umblachery

Tamil Nadu

30

Vechur

Kerala

31

Motu

Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh

32

Ghumusari

Orissa

33

Binjharpuri

Orissa

34

Khariar

Orissa

35

Pulikulam

Tamil Nadu

36

Kosali

Chhattisgarh

37

Malnad Gidda

Karnataka

38

Belahi

Haryana and Chandigarh

39

Gangatiri

Uttar Pradesh and Bihar

(For details refer AGRI-IS, ICRA-NBAGR, Karnal)

Buffalo breeds of India (13 breeds):

Sl. No.

Breed

Home Tract

1

Bhadawari

Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh

2

Jaffarabadi

Gujarat

3

Marathwadi

Maharashtra

4

Mehsana

Gujarat

5

Murrah

Haryana

6

Nagpuri

Maharashtra

7

Nili Ravi

Punjab

8

Pandharpuri

Maharashtra

9

Surti

Gujarat

10

Toda

Tamil Nadu

11

Banni

Gujarat

12

Chilika

Odisha

13

Kalahandi

Odisha

(For details refer AGRI-IS, ICRA-NBAGR, Karnal)