A steady increase in the productivity of cattle and buffaloes is achievable by improving their genetic potential in a scientific manner. To do so, it is necessary to:
(i) build infrastructure for genetic evaluation and production of high genetic merit bulls through genetic improvement programmes such as Progeny Testing, Pedigree Selection, Open Nucleus Breeding System;
(ii) build infrastructure for production of disease free high quality semen doses from bulls produced through genetic improvement programmes;
(iii) build infrastructure for artificial insemination (AI) services using only quality semen produced from high genetic merit bulls at the doorstep of producers;
(iv) establish systems of regulation for bull production, semen production and AI delivery, and
(v) build infrastructure for capturing data of all events as they happen and providing timely information to all stakeholders for monitoring, decision making and planning.
The key goals set for achieving a steady genetic progress in the cattle and buffalo population under NDP include: raising the percentage of breedable animals inseminated from the current level of about 25 % to 35% by the end of NDP I and 50% by the end of NDP II; increasing the production of high quality disease free semen doses from the current level of 66.8 million to 100 million by the end of NDP I and 140 million by the end of NDP II, and making available about 900 bulls annually by the end of NDP I and 1200 by the end of NDP II for semen production, the majority of them produced through progeny testing and pedigree selection programmes and a small number through import of exotic purebred bulls or equivalent embryos so as to meet 100% bull replacement requirement of all semen stations in the country.